英国红茶文化(British Tea Culture)与中国武夷山红茶的渊源

    About in the 18th century 80 time, a man named Robert. The fortunes of British collector will tea tree planting seeds in a special glass of portable incubator, secretly zone on the Indian ships, so in India more than 100,000 cultivated plant saplings, forming a large-scale tea tea garden, and the resulting in Britain’s black tea culture.

 
    Chinese tea in the western countries transmission kind of process, many countries only preach to the tea, and only in Britain truly formed a kind of culture, this perhaps with the unique cultural and British aristocratic taste relevant.
 
    The data makes clear, the world is the largest Irish drinking tea, annual per capita in ten kilograms or more. They love to drink tea, tea, scholar with tea helps students, friends, associating with friends say tea romantic, camellia fragrance everywhere. British card LinNa queen like drinking tea, and said that she tea is slim, British poet thus became a titled "tea queen", the poem in the poem wrote:
 
God goddess spoil subtle, Taiwan bay.
Laurel and subtle, difficult and tea than beauty.
For after a Sino-British, one for qunfang most.
Content was called the east soil, carry sense a warrior.
Help me think, Zhan however clear bother tired.
Christmas morning, curcumenol hin ZhuShouJie this thing.
 
    This poem wrote tea fine, tea spirit. Tea affects the British social stratum, the British in morning rises, drink tea, namely     earlymorningtea, for breakfast with black tea as the main drinks. Arrived at 11am (equivalent to Asia’s at 10 a.m.), no matter you are free at home aristocrat, or busy office worker, all should rest a moment, drink a cup of 7-eleven’s ‘s, they called it 11am around dinners. By noon, ate lunch later, not with a hot cup of tea. Later in the afternoon at 3 to 4 o ‘clock and come, a cup of tea, they called it Hightea. The British in tea when must match on small round bread and cakes, sandwich etc snacks. Ordinary housewives are very good at doing this kind of cake, nor without formal dinner in tea.
    Once upon a time, the aristocratic afternoon tea always very cultured, in a large ZhuangYuan within the family together, be punctual qi to drink black tea is always an easy thing, so they shook elegant bell and with the sound of the bell to tell the family is in afternoon tea. English tea of exquisite, in addition to its special culture atmosphere, but it also has its unique, elegant tea, tea multi-purpose ceramic made, tea painted by British flora and flower pattern, the British the love for the nature show incisively and vividly. Tea set besides beautiful besides, still very strong, very collection value. A full set of tea usually includes a teacup, teapot, filter scoops, jar cream bottle, sugar pot, tea bell, tea towels, insulation cotton masks, caddy, hot kettle, tray, including a lot of more phyletic, the silver tray products, wood products or plastic products, etc, they like the tray on the shop a layer of bud silk, take the tray adorn very elegant, from little detail is to let you feel British elegant taste.
    Characteristic of black tea is a uniquely British culture, but also they entertained courtesy, in English tea ubiquitous, but as a Chinese, can still from tea to the aroma and GanMeiZhong characteristic out it is from eastern mannose, sniff out east mud aromas.
 

 大约在18世纪80年代,一个名叫罗伯特.福琼(Robert Fortune)的英国植树采集家(The Tea Thief)将茶树种子放入一个用特殊玻璃制成的便携式保温箱中,偷偷地带上了开往印度的轮船,于是在印度培养了十万株以上的茶树苗,形成了大规模的茶园,并由此产生了英国的红茶文化。

      中国茶在向西方各国传播种过程中,许多国家只传去了茶叶,而只有在英国真正形成了一种文化,这也许跟英国特有的文化和英国人贵族式的品味有关。
       有资料表明,世界上饮茶最多的是爱尔兰英国人,每年人均饮茶在十公斤以上。他们饮茶、爱茶、文人以茶助思,友人以茶会友,可说茶的浪漫、茶花芳香无处不在。英国的卡林娜皇后喜饮红茶,并说饮茶使她身材苗条,英国诗人由此作了一首题为《饮茶皇后》的诗,诗中写到:
 
花神宠秋色,嫦娥衿月桂。
月桂与秋色,美难与茶比。
一为后中英,一为群芳最。
物阜称东土,携来感勇士。
助我清明思,湛然去烦累。
欣蓬事诞晨,祝寿介以此。
 
       这首诗写出了茶的美好,茶的精神。茶影响着英国的各个阶层,英国人在晨起之时,要饮早茶,即earlymorningtea,他们早餐就以红茶为主要饮料。到了上午11点(相当于亚洲的上午10点钟),无论你是空闲在家的贵族,还是繁忙的上班族,都要休息片刻,喝一杯eleven’s,他们称之为早上11点左右的便餐。到了中午,吃了午餐之后,少不了配上一杯奶茶。而后在下午3点半至4点左右还要来一杯下午茶,他们称之为High tea。英国人在喝茶时总要配上小圆饼和蛋糕、三明治等点心。一般的家庭主妇都很擅长做这类糕点,正式的晚餐中也少不了茶。
从前,贵族式的下午茶总是颇为讲究的,在一个大的庄院内,要按时把家人招集齐来喝红茶总是一件不易的事,所以他们摇着精美的铃铛,用铃铛声来告诉家人是用下午茶的时候了。英国红茶的讲究,除了它特有的文化氛围外,还有它独特的、精美的茶具,茶具多用陶瓷做成,茶具上绘有英国植物与花卉的图案,把英国人对大自然的热爱表现得淋漓尽致。茶具除了美观之外,还极其的坚固,很有收藏价值。整套的茶具一般包括茶杯、茶壶、滤杓、广口奶精瓶、砂糖壶、茶铃、茶巾、保温棉罩、茶叶罐、热水壶、托盘,其中托盘种类很多,有银制品、木制品或塑胶制品等,他们喜欢在托盘中铺上一层蕾丝,把托盘点缀得很优雅,从点点细节上都让你感到英国人高雅的品味。
 
品饮红茶是英国独有的文化,也是他们待客的礼节,在英国红茶无所不在,但做为一个中国人,还是能从茶的芳香和甘美中品饮出它是来自东方的甘露,嗅出东方泥土的芳香

更多英国茶文化的内容:http://www.lincha.com/tag/%E8%8B%B1%E5%9B%BD/

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