Lu Yu and Chinese Tea Culture(陆羽和中国茶文化)
China boasts a sophisticated tea culture: tea was first discovered and drunk in China several thousand years ago and drinking tea has become a daily habit of the Chinese people. A complicated tea ceremony has developed. When we talk about Chinese tea culture today, we shouldn’t miss an important figure in Chinese history—Lu Yu, who was respected as a “ Tea Sage ” for his contribution to Chinese tea culture.
Born in 733 AD in the Tang Dynasty (618-907AD), Lu Yu was an orphan adopted by a monk in modern day Hubei Province. At that time, drinking tea became a nationwide tradition. (Tea drinking originally appeared in Southern China, and until the mid-Tang Dynasty it started to gain favor with Northern Chinese). The widespread distribution of tea can be attributed to the extensive practice of Zen Buddhism in the whole country. Because sleeping and eating were strictly prohibited for Buddhists practicing meditation, they could only drink tea. Many monks were tea connoisseurs at the same time.
(about Lu Yu:http://www.lincha.com/chinese-tea/陆羽-Luyu-350.shtml)
The monk who adopted Lu Yu was a tea lover and Lu Yu prepared tea for him from childhood. As the years passed, Lu Yu’s skill at preparing tea improved and he developed a great interest in the brew. In his late years, Lu Yu withdrew from the outside world and concentrated on research into tea. The fruits of his research were written down in his masterpiece—the Classic of Tea.
In the book, Lu Yu tried to comprehensively present all known information about Chinese tea culture. It is divided into three sections and ten chapters, including the origin of tea, tea tools, tea picking, tea cooking, tea ceremony and famous tea producing areas. Perhaps of most historical value is the seventh chapter, entitled “ Tea events” and records incidents concerning tea over thousands of years, from legendary times to the Tang Dynasty.
在唐代（618 - 907AD）公元733年出生，陆羽是个孤儿，在通过了湖北省做和尚。当时，饮茶成为一家全国性的传统。 （饮茶最初出现在中国南部，直到中期唐代开始与北方中获得青睐）。茶的广泛分布可以归因于禅宗广泛的实践全国。由于睡眠和饮食被严格禁止的禅修佛教徒，他们只能喝喝茶。许多僧侣被茶叶鉴赏家在同一时间。
僧人中的陆羽在儿童的时候就是个茶叶爱好者。随着岁月的流逝，陆羽茶技能的准备改善和发展，他在茶叶制作极大的兴趣。在他的晚年，路于退出了外部世界的研究集中到茶。他研究的成果被写在他的杰作 - 茶经。