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茶叶专业术语 英译

问道中国茶 林茶网 12年前 (2011-04-25) 10655次浏览 0个评论

 一、茶叶分类相关术语 

According to the degree of :fermentation ,rolling, baking and tea leaf maturity 根据制造时发酵,揉捻焙火与采摘时原料成熟度来分类 
Non-fermented 不发酵茶,即绿茶 
Post-fermented 后发酵茶 即普洱茶 
Partially fermented 部分发酵茶,半发酵茶,即乌龙茶(铁观音、武夷岩茶) 
Complete fermentation 全发酵茶,即红茶 
(1)绿茶分类术语: 
Steamed green tea蒸青绿茶 Powered green tea 粉末绿茶  
Silver needle green tea 银针绿茶 Lightly rubbed green tea 原形绿茶 
Curled green tea 松卷绿茶 Sword shaped green tea剑片绿茶 
Twisted green tea 条形绿茶 Pearled green tea 圆珠绿茶 
(2)普洱茶分类术语: 
Age-puer 陈放普洱 pile-fermented puer 渥堆普洱 
(3)乌龙茶分类术语: 
White oolong 白茶乌龙 twisted oolong 条形乌龙 
Pelleted oolong 球形乌龙 roasted oolong 熟火乌龙  
White tipped oolong 白毫乌龙 
(4)红茶分类术语: 
Unshredded black tea 功夫红茶 shredded black tea:碎形红茶 
(5)熏花茶分类术语: 
Scented green tea 熏花绿茶 scented puer tea 熏花普洱 
Scented oolong tea   熏花乌龙 scented black tea 熏花红茶 
Jasmine scented green tea 熏花茉莉 
  上述各类如果假如食品或香料,就成为调味茶(spiced tea),如果加到绿茶,则成为:spiced green tea 调味绿茶,以此类推。 
 
二:常见茶名的英译: 
White tipped oolong 白毫乌龙 wuyi rock武夷岩茶 
Green blade   煎茶 yellow mountain fuzz tip 黄山毛峰 
Dragon well   龙井 green spiral 碧螺春 
Gunpower 珠茶 age cake puer 青沱 
Pile cake puer 青饼 jun mountain silver needle 君山银针 
White tip silver needle 银针白毫 white peony 白牡丹 
Long brow jade dew 玉露 
Robe tea   大红袍 cassia tea 肉桂 
Narcissus   水仙 finger citron 佛手 
Iron mercy goddess 铁观音 osmanthus oolong桂花乌龙 
Ginseng oolong   人参乌龙茶 jasmine tea 茉莉花茶 
Rose bulb   玫瑰绣球 gongfu black 功夫红茶 
Smoke black   烟熏红茶 roast oolong 熟火乌龙 
Light oolong   清茶 anji white leaf 安吉白茶 
Liu’an leaf 六安瓜片 fenghuang unique bush 凤凰单从 
Tea powder 茶粉 fine powder tea 抹茶 
 
三、茶具名称: 
Tea pot 茶壶 tea pad 壶垫 tea plate 茶船 tea pitcher茶盅 
Lid saucer盖置 tea serving tray奉茶盘 tea cup 茶杯 cup saucer杯托 
Tea towel tray茶巾盘 tea holder茶荷 tea towel   茶巾 tea brush 茶拂 
Timer 定时器 water heater煮水器 water kettle 水壶 heating base 煮水器底坐 
Tea cart 茶车 seat cushion 座垫 cup cover 杯套 packing wrap包壶巾 
Tea ware bag 茶具袋 ground pad 地衣 tea ware tray 茶托 strainer cup 同心杯 
Personal tea set 个人品茗组(茶具) tea basin 水盂 brewing vessel 冲泡盅 
covered bowl 盖碗 Tea spoon 茶匙 tea ware 茶器 thermos 热水瓶 
tea canister 茶罐 tea urn 茶瓮 tea table 茶桌 side table侧柜 

Tea bowl 茶碗 spout bowl 有流茶碗 

P代表: Pekoe 带有白毫的嫩芽 
O代表: Orange 嫩芽完全没有叶绿素如橘色般的意思 
B代表: Broken 碎型茶 
F代表: Fanning 片型茶 指BOP筛选下来的小片茶叶。 
D代表: Dust 枌尘状般的细末茶 筛选到最后的粉末状碎屑。多以茶包型式出现。 
G代表: Golden 黄金色的光辉。 
T代表: Tip 含有大量新芽。 
S代表: Souchong 小种红茶。 
1代表: no.1 代表在该等级里为顶尖的级次。 
OP(Orange Pekoe):常见的等级指的是叶片较长较大而完整的茶叶。 
BOP(Broken Orange Pekoe)制成较细碎的OP,叶片较小。滋味较浓重,一般适合用来冲泡奶茶。 
FOP(Flowery Orange Pekoe) 含有较多芽叶的红茶。 
TGFOP(Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe):含有较多金黄芽叶的红茶。 
FTGFOP(Fine Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe):经过精细地揉捻精制而成的高品质茶叶。 
SFTGFOP(Special Fine Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe):多了「Spepecil」一字,自然粉高贵罗。 
采摘,picking
 萎凋,withering
 晒青,sunshine withering
 做青,making green 
 杀青,water removing
 揉捻,rolling
 做形,shaping
 整形提毫,trimming & tipping
 窨花,scenting
 辉干,final roasting
 精制,refining

部分中国茶及其英文名的对照:

 茶:Tea
  绿茶 :Green Tea
  太平猴魁 :Taiping Houkui Tea (Green Tea)
  西湖龙井 :Xihu Longjing Tea (Green Tea)
  信阳毛尖 :Xinyang Maojian Tea (Green Tea)
  碧螺春 :Biluochun Tea (Green Tea)
  毛尖茶 :Maojian Tea (Green Tea)
  大红袍 :Dahongpao Tea(Wuyi Mountain Rock Tea)
  安溪铁观音 :Anxi Tieguanyin Tea (Oolong Tea)
  台湾阿里山乌龙 :Taiwan Alishan Oolong Tea
  台湾冻顶乌龙 :Taiwan Dongding Oolong Tea
  台湾金萱乌龙 :Taiwan Jinxuan Oolong Tea
  台湾人参乌龙 :Taiwan Ginsen Oolong Tea
  君山银针 :Junshan Silver Needle Tea
  大白毫 :White Milli- Silver Needle Tea
  茉莉花茶 :Jasmine Tea
  茉莉大白毫 :Jasmine Silver Needle Tea
  牡丹绣球 :Peony Jasmine Tea
  台湾桂花乌龙 :Taiwan Cassia Oolong Tea
  普洱 :Pu ‘er Tea
  陈年普洱 :Aged Pu ‘er Tea
  陈年普洱(31年) :31-Year Pu ‘er Tea
  红茶 :Black Tea
  祁门红茶 :Keemun Black Tea
  大吉岭茶 :Darjeeling Tea
  伯爵茶 :Earl Grey Tea
  薄荷锡兰茶 :Mint Tea
  冻顶乌龙 :Dongding Oolong Tea
  绿毛峰 :Lvmaofeng Tea
  八宝茶 :Assorted Chinese Herbal Tea
  薰衣草茶 :Lavender Tea
  梅子红茶 :Greengage Black Tea
  菊花茶 :Chrysanthemum Tea
  茶饮料  Tea Drinks
  冰茶 :Iced Tea
  冰红(绿)茶 :Iced Black Tea / Iced Green Tea
  冰奶茶 :Iced Milk Tea
  港式奶茶 :Hot Tea, HK Style
  巧克力奶茶 :Chocolate Milk Tea
  冰巧克力奶茶 :Iced Chocolate Milk Tea
  草莓奶茶 :Strawberry Milk Tea
  花生奶茶 :Peanut Milk Tea
  哈密瓜奶茶 :Hami Melon Milk Tea
  椰香奶茶 :Coconut Milk Tea
  芋香奶茶 :Taro Milk Tea
  热柠檬茶 :Hot Lemon Tea
  冰柠檬茶 :Iced Lemon Tea
  菠萝果茶 :Pineapple Tea
  菠萝冰茶 :Iced Pineapple Tea
  黑莓冰茶 :Iced Blackberry Tea
  草莓冰茶 :Iced Strawberry Tea
  蓝莓冰茶 :Iced Blueberry Tea
  芒果冰茶 :Iced Mango Tea
  蜜桃冰茶 :Iced Peach Tea
  香蕉冰茶 :Iced Banana Tea
奇异果冰茶 :Iced Kiwi Tea木瓜奶茶 pawpaw milk tea

巧克力奶茶 chocolate milk tea
人参乌龙Ginseng Wulong tea
滋补茶 Nutritious tea
水果茶 Fruit tea
花果茶 Flower tea
欧洲风情 European Flavour
兰色忧郁 Blue Blues
醒酒茶 Sober-up Tea
柠檬果茶Lemon Tea
玫瑰情人Rose Lovers
紫罗兰 Violet
1) 天尖、贡尖    Tianjian Dark Tea / Gongjian Dark Tea
A series of dark tea products which were listed as articels of tribute in ancient times.
2)泾阳砖    Jingyang Dark Tea
The predecessor of Fu Drick Tea,which was manually produced in Jingyang of Shǎnxi.
3)官茶    Official Tea
The tea was controlled by the feudal government in order tl exchange horses with the minories in the Northwest in ancient China.
4)茯砖茶   fu brick tea


It was also called “Official Tea” in ancient times,which was used to exchange horses with the minories in the Northwest, The charactistic technique of the tea is fungus growing, so it was also called “the Mysterious Tea on the Ancient Silk Road” in China.
5)老青茶    Laoqing Dark Tea
Produced in Hubei and Lingxiang county of Hunan and dried in the sun during primary processing.
6)青砖     Qing Brick Tea
Processed from Laoqing Dark Tea, it’s mainly sold to Mongolia and Russia.
7)帽盒茶    Maohe Tea
The shape of the tea like hat, two teas put in a box..
8)洞砖    Dong Brick Tea
The predecessor of Qing Drick Tea, it originated in Yangloudong Town of Hubei.
9)米砖    Mi Brick Tea
Compressed with black tea fanning, it’s also called Xiaojing Drick Tea.
10)小京砖    Xiaojing Drick Tea
Compressed with black tea fanning in Hubei ,it’s mainly sold to Mingolia and Russia.
11)千两茶    Qianliang Tea
Compressed dark tea made by traditional manual method, and packed with bamboo basket, it’s about 36.25 kilogram.
12)普洱茶    Pu’er Tea
The dark tea produced in “Pu’er” areas of Yunnan Province.
13)府茶    Governmental Tea 
The dark tea was controlled by the feudal government in order to exchange horses with the minories in the Northwest in ancient China.
14)四保贡茶    Sibao Tribute Tea
The dark tea which produced in Anhua county of Hunan was listed as tribute supplied to imperial palace.
15)擂茶    Lei Tea
The tea made from rice, ginger, tea, etc. It is the custom of drinking Lei Tea in Anhua of Hunan.
16)牌楼牌米砖    Pailou Brand Mi Brick tea
The Mi Brick Tea with the patterns of Chinese ancient decorated archway on the surface of it.
17)川字茶    Chuanzi Dark tea
The Qing Brick Tea with the character “川” on the surface of it.
18)凤凰牌米砖    Phoenix Brand Mi Brick Tea
The Mi Brick Tea with the pattern of phoenix on the surface of it.
19)火车头牌米砖    Locomotive Brand Mi Brick Tea
The Mi Brick Tea with the pattern of Locomotive on the surface of it.
20)饼茶    Caky tea
The tea with the shape of round cake.
21)禅洱茯茶     chaner fu brick tea


22)和藏茯茶      hezang fu brick tea


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